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MALAYSIA FUTSAL E-FANS & MEDIA 2010

Wed Apr 07, 2010 5:53 pm by Deto_8

Futsal E-fans & Media Edisi Ketiga Tahun 2010 dijangka diadakan pada 5hb June 2010, Sabtu.

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Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

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Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  amienski on Fri Jan 22, 2010 10:54 am

THanks deto sbb up topik ni...
meh sini kawan mulekan...Bismillahh




Basic in photography

Komposisi secara sederhana adalah cara untuk menata elemen-elemen dalam gambar, elemen-elemen ini mencakup garis, shape, form, warna, terang dan gelap. Cara anda menata komposisi dalam jendela bidik akan diinterprestasikan kemudian setelah foto anda tersebut dicetak. Yang paling utama dari aspek komposisi adalah menghasilkan visual impact- sebuah kemampuan untuk menyampaikan perasaan yang anda inginkan untuk berekspresi dalam foto anda. Dengan demikian anda perlu menata sedemikian rupa agar tujuan anda tercapai, apakah itu untuk menyampaikan kesan statis dan diam atau sesuatumengejutkan, beda, eksentrik. Dalam komposisi klasik selalu ada satu titik perhatian yang pertama menarik perhatian. Hal ini terjadi karena penataan posisi, subordinasi, kontras cahaya atau intensitas subjek dibandingkan sekitarnya atau pengaturan sedemikian rupa yang membentuk arah yang membawa perhatian pengamat pada satu titik.
Secara keseluruhan, komposisi klasik yang baik memiliki proporsi yang menyenangkan. Ada keseimbangan antara gelap dan terang, antara bentuk padat dan ruang terbuka atau warna-warna cerah dengan warna-warna redup. Pada kesempatan-kesempatan tertentu, bila dibutuhkan mungkin anda akan membutuhkan komposisi anda seluruhnya simetris. Seringkali gambar yang anda buat lebih dinamis dan secara visual lebih menarik bila anda menempatkan subjek ditengah. Anda harus menghindari sebuah garis pembagi biarpun itu vertikal.
Untuk menghindari sebuah gambar yang dinamis diperlukan juga kehadiran irama. Irama ini terjadi karena adanya pengulangan berkali-kali sebuah objek yang berukuran kecil. Kehadiran irama dalam gambar mengesankan adanya suatu gerakan.

* Garis
Fotografer yang baik kerap menggunakan garis pada karya-karya mereka untuk membawa perhatian pengamat pada subjek utama. Garis juga dapat menimbulkan kesan kedalaman dan memperlihatkan gerak pada gambar. Ketika garis-garis itu sendiri digunakan sebagai subjek, yang terjadi adalah gambar-gambar menjadi menarik perhatian. Tidak penting apakah garis itu lurus, melingkar atau melengkung, membawa mata keluar dari gambar. Yang penting garis-garis itu menjadi dinamis.

Shape
Salah satu formula paling sederhana yang dapat membuat sebuah foto menarik perhatian adalah dengan memberi prioritas pada sebuah elemen visual. Shape adalah salah satunya. Kita umumnya menganggap shape sebagai outline yang tercipta karena sebuah shape terbentuk, pada intinya, subjek foto, gambar dianggap memiliki kekuatan visual dan kualitas abstrak. Untuk membuat shape menonjol, anda harus mampu memisahkan shape tersebut dari lingkungan sekitarnya atau dari latar belakang yang terlalu ramai. Untuk membuat kontras kuat antara shape dan sekitarnya yang membentuk shape tersebut. Kontras ini dapat terjadi sebagai akibat dari perbedaan gelap terang atau perbedaan warna.
Sebuah shape tentu saja tidak berdiri sendiri. Ketika masuk kedalam sebuah pemandangan yang berisi dua atau lebih shape yang sama, kita juga dapat meng-crop salah satu shape untuk memperkuat kualitas gambar.


* Form
Ketika shape sendiri dapat mengindentifikasikan objek, masih diperlukan form untuk memberi kesan padat dan tiga dimensi. Hal ini merupakan faktor penting untuk menciptakan kesan kedalaman dan realitas. Kualitas ini tercipta dari bentukan cahaya dan tone yang kemudian membentuk garis-garis dari sebuah objek. Faktor penting yang menentukan bagaimana form terbentuk adalah arah dan kualitas cahaya yang mengenai objek tersebut.


* Tekstur
Sebuah foto dengan gambar teksur yang menonjol dapat merupakan sebuah bentuk kreatif dari shape atau pattern. Jika memadai, tekstur akan memberikan realisme pada foto, membawa kedalaman dan kesan tiga dimensi ke subyek anda.
Tekstur dapat terlihat jelas pada dua sisi yang berbeda. Ada tekstur yang dapat ditemukan bila kita mendekatkan diri pada subyek untuk memperbesar apa yang kita lihat, misalnya bila kita ingin memotret tekstur permukaan sehelai daun. Ada pula saat dimana kita harus mundur karena subyek yang kita tuju adalah pemandangan yang sangat luas. Tekstur juga muncul ketika cahaya menerpa sebuah permukaan dengan sudut rendah, membentuk bayangan yang sama dalam area tertentu.
Memotret tekstur dianggap berhasil bila pemotret dapat mengkomunikasikan sedemikian rupa sehingga pengamat foto seolah dapat merasakan permukaan tersebut bila menyentuhnya. Sama seperti pattern, tekstur paling baik ditampilkan dengan beberapa variasi dan nampak melebar hingga keluar batas gambar.

* Patterns
Pattern yang berupa pengulangan shape, garis dan warna adalah elemen visual lainnya yang dapat menjadi unsur penarik perhatian utama. Keberadaan pengulangan itu menimbulkan kesan ritmik dan harmoni dalam gambar. Tapi, terlalu banyak keseragaman akan mengakibatkan gambar menjadi membosankan. Rahasia penggunaan pattern adalah menemukan variasi yang mampu menangkap perhatian pemerhati.
Pattern biasanya paling baik diungkapkan dengan merata. Walaupun pencahayaan dan sudut bidikan kamera membuat sebuah gambar cenderung kurang kesan kedalamannya dan memungkinkan sesuatu yang berulangkali menjadi menonjol.
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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  amienski on Fri Jan 22, 2010 12:22 pm

Prinsip2 Dalam Fotografi

  • Rule of thirds
    Bayangkan ada garis-garis panduan yang membentuk sembilan buah empat persegi panjang yang sama besar pada sebuah gambar. Elemen-elemen gambar yang muncul di sudut-sudut persegi panjang pusat akan mendapat daya tarik maksimum.

  • Format : Horizon atau Vertikal
    Proporsi empat persegi panjang pada viewinder memungkinkan kita untuk melakukan pemotretan dalam format landscape/horizontal atau vertikal/portrait. Perbedaan pengambilan format dapat menimbulkan efek berbeda pada komposisi akhir. Lihatlah pada jendela bidik secara horizontal maupun vertikal dan tentukan keputusan kreatif untuk hasil terbaik.

  • Keep it simple
    Dalam beberapa keadaan, pilihan terbaik adalah keep it simple. Sangat sulit bagi orang yang melihat sebuah foto apabila terlalu banyak titik yang menarik perhatian. Umumnya makin ramai sebuah gambar, makin kurang menarik gambar itu. Cobalah berkonsentrasi pada satu titik perhatian dan maksimalkan daya tariknya.

  • Picture scale
    Sebuah gambar yang nampak biasa namun menjadi menarik karena ada sebuah titik kecil yang menarik perhatian. Dengan pemotretan landscape atau monument, kembangkan daya tarik pemotretan dengan menambahkan obyek yang diketahui besarnya sebagai titik perhatian untuk memberikan kesan perbandingan skala.


  • Horizons
    Merubah keseimbangan langit dan tanah dapat mengubah pemandangan gambar secara radikal. Bila gambar hampir dipenuhi oleh langit akan memberikan kesan polos terbuka dan lebar tapi bila langit hanya disisakan sedikit di bagian atas gambar, akan timbul kesan penuh.


  • Leading lines
    Garis yang membawa mata orang yang melihat foto ke dalam gambar atau melintas gambar. Umumnya garis-garis ini berbentuk :
    Garis-garis yang terlihat secara fisik misalnya marka jalan atau tidak terlihat secara langsung misalnya bayangan, refleksi.


  • Be different
    Barangkali ada bidikan-bidikan lain yang dapat diambil selain pendekatan dari depan dan memotret paralel ke tanah. Bergerak mendekat dari yang diduga seringkali menghasilkan efek yang menarik.


  • Colour
    Membuat bagian dari gambar menonjol dari background. Cara utama untuk memperoleh hal ini adalah memperoleh subyek yang warna atau nadanya berbeda secara radikal dengan background.


  • Framing
    Bila subyek secara khusus mempunyai bentuk yang kuat, penuh frame dengan subyek. Baik itu dengan cara menggunakan lensa dengan fokus lebih panjang atau bergerak mendekati subyek.


  • Shooting position
    Ketika kita merasa jenuh dengan komposisi yang itu-itu saja, cobalah meurbah sudut pandang sepenuhnya. Misalnya posisi duduk ke posisi berdiri atau pengambilan bidikan dari atas atau bawah dari subyek.


  • Number of subject
    Pemotretan dengan banyak subyek yang relatif seragam, kurang menarik dari pandangan komposisi. Temukanlah salah satu subyek yang berbeza diantara sekian banyak subyek tersebut. Berbeda diartikan berbeda gerakan, bentuk dan warna.

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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  Deto_8 on Fri Jan 22, 2010 12:51 pm

thanks amin, memang berguna pada kawan....

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bangga menjadi pioneer....bangga juga melihat orang lain berjaya...TAHNIAH!
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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  amienski on Mon Jan 25, 2010 10:00 am

Buat semua yg sedang mencari Lense.....


Your lens is an essential element to good photographs. It's not just your camera. People spend thousands of dollars on a good camera and neglect the lens.

Change that around! Make sure you buy a good camera lens when purchasing a camera. Buy a good camera as well, but don't neglect a good camera lens.

Why? Your camera is just the 'holder' for the photograph. The lens is what your camera sees all your shots through. A good lens is essential to clear and sharp photos.

With most compact digital cameras, you can't change the lens. So in that case, don't just buy a good camera, ensure it also has a good lens.

Avoid a plastic digital camera lens because it doesn't have the clarity of a glass lens.

What model of lens?
Stick with camera lenses from well known manufacturers like Nikon, Canon and Pentax. Ensure you purchase a lens that works with your camera too. A Nikon camera lens usually won't work well with a Canon camera.

There are specialty lens manufacturers like Carl Zeiss, Leica and Leupold. If you're a beginner, don't worry about these lenses until you are more advanced as they come with very high prices and it's hard to justify the price for the small increase in quality.

Types of Camera Lens
The most common lenses are : Wide Angle, Normal and Telephoto. The type of lens is determined by the Focal Length of the lens. See below. A Zoom Lens is simply a lens that can change Focal Length from a Wide Angle to a Telephoto (or somewhere inbetween).

There are a number of things to look for when purchasing a camera lens.

Lens Focal Length
The Focal Length of a lens determines the amount of magnification and angle of vuew the lens can see. The Focal Length is measured in mm. It's the Focal Length that determines if the lens is a:

# Wide Angle; small magnification, wide angle of view. 20mm to 35mm
# Traditional, or Normal; 50mm
# Telephoto; high magnification, narrow angle of view; 105mm to 300mm.
# Zoom; A Zoom lens can change it's focal length to zoom in. A Zoom lens might have a Focal Length of between 50mm and 150mm.

Some lenses are interchangeable between film cameras and digital cameras, but you need to be aware that the effective focal length CHANGES between film and digital. The focal lengths I describe above are for FILM cameras and need to be multiplied by 1.6 to get the effective focal length on a digital camera. So using a film 35mm lens on a digital camera has an effective focal length of 56mm.

What does this mean for you? It means that you won't get as wide angle on a digital camera as you would on a film camera using the same lens. A 35mm lens which gives a medium wide angle on a film camera acts as a traditional lens on a digital camera

This is a complex subject, so I can't go into too much detail here. If you need more help, the best person to speak to would be your local camera store's resident expert.

Lens Speed
The 'speed' of a digital camera lens also defines a lens. The speed is determined in f-stops and is similar to the f-stop aperture setting on your camera. Faster lenses are more expensive and usually heavier.

Focusing Distance
This is the minimum distance from the camera lens that a subject must be to be in focus. Don't worry about getting a camera with a close focusing distance. Concentrate on a telephoto instead.

More Advanced Features
More expensive lenses have more advanced features.
# Vibration Reduction. A feature called 'vibration reduction' keeps images sharper when shooting in low light. They help to counter any vibration in the camera. Try to find a digital camera lens with this feature.
# USM USM stands for Ultrasonic Motor. This feature of Canon lenses gives you a high speed auto focus but the main benefit is the 'motor' is almost silent, so you don't disturb people around you when your camera is focussing.
# Filter Thread. When purchasing a half-decent lens, it should have a filter thread. This is a thread that allows you to screw on a filter (such as a polariser) to help when photographing difficult situations. Even if you don't need filters right now. it's handy to purchase a lens with a thread so you can add a filter later.

You get what you pay for
Generally the more expensive the lens, the better it is. More expensive lenses usually have a higher number of glass elements in the lens, which also makes them heavier.

Final Notes
While it is important to choose good quality camera lens, for beginners it isn't as important as good composition. Don't fall into the trap of thinking you can only take a great picture with an expensive top-of-the-line lens. A badly composed picture won't look great with a great camera lens.

I don't mean to discount the importance of a good quality lens. A good rule is to only add to your lens collection only when you have a specific need for a particular digital camera lens.

Do your research and your homework first, and find the lens that suits both you and your camera.

by David Peterson
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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  amienski on Mon Jan 25, 2010 10:03 am

Jie Lea Adra


If you would like to improve your photographs, try out some of our photo tips. Happy Clicking!

Camera Selection.
Choose the right camera to suit your needs. If you are after a few holiday snaps then there's no need to go to the expense and trouble that a professional has to go to, but if you are serious about photographer then you are not going to get far with a compact camera.

1. Compact and APS cameras. Often referred to as "point and shoot" cameras these are the most easy to use cameras. Most come with built in flash, autofocus and zoom lenses. The biggest difference between a compact and SLR camera is that you cannot change the lens. They are normally lighter than SLR cameras, especially the APS models.

2. SLR cameras. Use a SLR camera if you want to gain control of your photography. It gives you the ability to be more creative with your pictures. Experimentation comes into play with a wide variety of different lenses available. Be aware that advanced SLRs can provide a number of different controls and can be difficult to understand.

3. Medium format cameras. If you would like make money out of your photographs then you will stand a far better chance if you own a medium format camera. This is because these cameras produce a much larger negative than the 35mm SLR. The negative will then produce higher quality prints.

4. Large format cameras. Medium format's big brother. Again this is a tool of the professional photographer. The large negatives it produces need little enlargement. Therefore the final print will be of very high quality.

5. Digital cameras. There are now a range of digital cameras available, with models to suit beginners, serious amateurs and professional photographers alike. Compact and SLR digitals are available, as are special backs for medium format cameras.

Film Selection and Care.
Selecting the right film for the conditions you are filming in is vital. A film that is right for one type of picture and conditions may not suit the next picture.

6. Slow film. Up to ISO 100. Use for brightly lit, still life subjects. Allows pictures enlargement, whilst still retaining fine details.

7. Medium film. Around ISO 200. Medium film is the most versatile film. Great for use outdoors in everyday situations.

8. Fast film. ISO 400. For use when the light is not so bright. Good for action shots.

9. Very fast film. ISO 1000. For use in low light, both in and outdoors. Provides a grainy image.

10. Film or slide. Film is the more convenient medium, but slide provides higher quality, especially if enlargement is required.

11. Films have shelf lives. The newer your film the better. Old film can give your pictures an unwanted colouring. Certainly make sure you use your film before the use by date.

12. Keep your film in the supplied container. This stops light and dirt from getting in.

13. Process the film quickly once it has been used.

14. Keep the film from extremes of temperature, especially heat. This will adversely affect the quality of the film.

15. Different makes of film can provide slightly different results. Try a few different brands and see which one suits you the best.

Accessories.
A few important accessories that can make a difference.

16. Lens caps. The lens is the most important part of the camera and great care should be taken with them at all times. A damaged lens is no good to anyone. Always refit the lens cap after use.

17. Lens care. A good lens care kit will always include soft lint free cloth, dust free tissues, cleaning fluid and a blower brush.

18. Filters. Experiment with filters and see the different effects that they can provide. They are a relatively inexpensive way of making your pictures stand out.

19. Tripod. If you want sharper images, invest in a tripod. Ask a professional and they will tell you the difference a tripod can make. A must for portrait photography.

20. Once you have picked up a few accessories buy a good quality, waterproof camera bag.

Lenses.
Having a variety of lenses available gives you the ability to take the picture that you want to. The five types listed here will give you the flexibility to get the shot you want in most situations.

21. Standard. A 50mm lens is the standard lens supplied with most SLR cameras. These lenses should be used when you want to take a picture that roughly equates to how you see a scene with the naked eye.

22. Macro. Use a macro lens for close up shots. The classic example of when to use a macro lens is when you are taking a close up picture of a flower in the garden.

23. Wide angle. These lenses do just the job when you are looking at a panoramic view. Useful for landscapes, groups of people and certain types of architecture.

24. Zoom. A must have lens. Standard zoom lenses are 28-80mm, but a wide variety of zoom lengths are available.

25. Telephoto. The "big brother" of the zoom lens. Use telephoto lenses to get close up pictures when you are at a great distance. Telephotos soon become rather heavy and camera support is required.

Flashguns.
Flashguns are a very worthwhile addition to your equipment. Depending on your budget here are some of the things to take into consideration when buying.

26. The addition of an electronic flashgun can be dramatic. Once you become serious about photography, even an average flashgun will provide far better results than a camera's built in flash. Built in flash soon becomes ineffective over long distances and for large subjects.

27. Look for a "dedicated" flash gun. These take information directly from the camera and ensure the correct level of flash is delivered.

28. Autozoom flashguns work in conjunction with a zoom lens and ensure correct flash with the level of zoom that you are using.

29. A moveable head to the unit allows the flash to be bounced off a wall or ceiling.

30. Look for a unit that allows a controlled, reduced level of flash to be delivered.

Absolute Beginners.
Tips to get you started.

31. If you are using flash ensure you fingers and thumb are well away from the flash. It is so easy for a stray digit to block off light and underexpose the picture.

32. Take care when loading the film. Make sure you follow the loading instructions carefully. It?s a very big disappointment to have your holiday pictures returned from the developers blank.

33. Its not just children that manage to behead subjects when taking a picture. Ensure that you check the viewfinder, including the parallax marks on a compact, carefully before taking the picture.

34. Camera shake. If you images are consistently suffering from a slight blur and you don't want to buy a tripod, then use a faster film.

35. Camera shake. Make sure you are standing comfortably. Legs slightly apart, back straight and cup the lens in your left hand. Your body should take on a shape a bit like a tripod.

36. If your images are often underexposed (too dark) again a faster film could be the answer. ISO 400 is a versatile film that can be used in most conditions and is ideal for you if you are just starting out.

37. Concentrate on keeping the horizon level in any photograph.

38. Shoot lots of pictures. Experiment with different camera settings, different lighting, different camera angles. Try to find what works for you.

39. Make sure there are no unwanted images in your shot. Check the viewfinder carefully to make sure your main subject will not be overshadowed by an unwanted secondary image.

40. Carry a notebook with you are write down the details of each photograph that you take, especially the expected result. If the final print is exactly how you intended then great, if not learn from the photograph and think how you can succeed next time. Use this tip and you should soon see an improvement in your photographs.

Picture Composition.
Picture composition is obviously one of the key components of taking great pictures. It goes without saying that if you manage to miss the head of someone that you are taking a portrait shot of, then you are going to be very disappointed!

41. Always give your picture a main focal point.

42. A picture should have one dominant colour. This is not always easy. So basically try to avoid putting strong colours that will clash into the same picture.

43. A basic rule of photography is known as the rule of thirds. The rule of thirds divides a rectangular image into nine, equally sized, smaller rectangles. You then position the main subject of the picture at any point where the lines cross.

44. Try to ensure that your pictures have a foreground, middle ground and background. One of the three should be dominant in the photograph.

45. If once the picture has been taken you are not 100% happy with the result. Consider cropping the image. This is especially easy to do with digital images.

46. Move in close. When first starting out you will be surprised at the difference moving closer to the subject will make.

47. If you are photographing outside on a grey, dull day, keep the sky out of your pictures wherever possible.

48. Try using different viewpoints. Taking shots from high up looking down can provide you with interesting perspectives.

49. Look for ways of naturally framing a shot. Framing accentuates the main subject.

50. When shooting a horizon try to place it either a third of the way from the bottom of the picture or a third of the way from the top. Try to avoid placing it in the middle of the picture.

Lighting.
If picture composition is critical to great pictures then lighting is not far behind.

51. The brightest sun of the day can wash pictures out. If the time of day when you take your pictures is not important try to avoid the period around midday.

52. Some of the best lighting conditions are to be found around dawn and again at dusk. Try taking pictures at these times of the day and notice the effect.

53. In the majority of instances it is usually best to have the sun behind you when you take a picture.

54. When the sun is behind you beware that your own shadow doesn't creep into the picture.

55. Beware of the shadows cast behind your subject by the sun as well.

56. Also make sure that if you are taking a portrait shot that the sun isn't causing your subject to squint.

57. If you do take a picture with the sun behind the subject (back lit), take care not to underexpose the subject itself. Use a wide aperture or a slow shutter speed.

58. Try taking pictures with lighting at different angles. Angled and low level lighting usually offers a more realistic and dramatic effect than when overhead lighting is used.

59. The best time to take the majority of night shots is shortly after the sun has set. This allows a small amount of natural light to work with.

60. Night shots are even possible without a flash if you are using an up to date camera. To do this you will need to use a fast film. Most situations will require a film speed of at least 800. Experiment and see what you can achieve.

Flash Photography.
Taking pictures using flash can have many advantages, not just lightening up a darkened room. You need to take care that overexposure and red eye are avoided.

61. If the subjects are often overexposed then try using flash further away from the subject.

62. Under exposure occurs when you are working with a subject that is beyond the reach of your flash unit. It can be something of a surprise how little impact the built in flash on some cameras can have.

63. If you are taking a picture of a group indoors and conditions are fairly dark, there is a danger that the people near you will be overexposed and the people further away will be a little in the dark. If you can arrange the group so that they are all equidistant from the camera. That way there will be an even spread of light.

64. Red eyes can happen when the flash and the lens are closely aligned, as with a number of compact cameras. Many cameras now offer red eye reduction. To reduce red eye, try asking your subject to look at a light shortly before the picture is taken.

65. When you find yourself about to take a picture where there is little difference in lighting levels between the foreground and the background, this can cause the resulting image to have little contrast. You can make the subject or foreground stand out more by taking the picture using flash. This will help the subject to stand out more. This is known as "fill in flash".

66. When you are using fill in flash you normally only need a flash gun to deliver half or maybe in just a quarter of its power, this avoids the flash from over dominating the photograph.

67. If areas of the scene that you are about to take are shrouded in shadow that you would like to remove, again try taking the picture with flash. This is another use for fill in flash.

68. More natural lighting can be achieved if you are able to bounce the flash off a reflective wall or other surface rather than pointing the flash directly at the subject.

69. If you do bounce flash remember that it will reduce the light. If you are using a manual gun you will have to compensate elsewhere, usually through opening the aperture an extra stop or two.

70. A side advantage of using flash is that it can also help to "freeze" a moment. If you think about it a sudden, sharp burst of light will stop you in your tracks.

Filters.
Experiment with filters. They are relatively cheap and can have a dramatic impact on your end results.

71. Light balancing, gradated, polarising and neutral density filters have no effect on the colour of the picture, but are used to correct lighting variations and to reduce reflections.

72. A light red skylight filter will supply a warm effect to your picture.

73. A blue skylight filter will supply a cool effect to your picture.

74. Using a filter will reduce the light in a scene. You can compensate for this by using a slower shutter speed or use a wider aperture.

75. By purposely underexposing the picture, the more impact the filter will have and the darker the colour of the final result.

Portraits.
If you are taking portrait shots consider the following points.

76. For group portraits ensure an even spread of light. This will avoid one member of the group being over lit in comparison to the other group members.

77. For the shot of someone's head, create a more flattering chin line by getting the subject to hold a white sheet of paper below the chin, but out of shot.

78. If the subject is thinning on top, make sure the picture is taken from a slightly lower level to give the impression of a fuller head of hair.

79. Be careful with hats. They can cause unwanted shadows to appear on the subject's face.

80. Try a three-quarter view of the face. This can provide a more flattering view than full frontal.

Black and White Photography.
A number of the most striking picture in history have been captured using black and white rather than colour film. Subjects suited by black and white are as follows.

81. Stormy weather shots are often captured in a more dramatic way using black and white film.

82. Black and white can make elderly people look even older.

83. Some landscape shots. Obviously if you are trying to capture the vivid colours of a landscape then black and white is not the medium to use, but if you are trying to portray a sense of desolation or isolation then black and white can increase the impact.

84. Dilapidated buildings and run down areas of a town or city can appear more striking in black and white.

85. Use black and white film in conjunction with coloured filters for a variety of differing effects.

Capturing Motion.
Whether it is your child's sports day or you are a professional photographer at a top sporting event, freezing the action is key to successful photography.

86. Anticipate where the action is going to be and set up your position accordingly. It could be horses bursting from the starting stalls or the winner crossing the line in a 100 metre sprint. Why do you think all the photographers sit themselves behind the goal at a football match? The action that makes the news doesn't happen on the half way line very often.

87. Don't miss any of the action. Use a camera with motor drive. The motor drive advances the film for you and you don't have to wind the film on.

88. Most of the time you will need a camera with a lens of at least 200mm. To get close to the action a little further away you can easily double or triple that length to get to the heart of the action.

89. If you can get head on to the action slower shutter speeds can be used.

90. If you are using a compact camera or you don't want to trouble yourself with shutter speeds etc., then use a fast film.

Shutter Speeds and F Stops.
Shutter speeds and F Stops can be a bit daunting at first. So here are a few simple rules.

91. To catch a subject in motion and avoid blurring the image, use a fast shutter speed (one with a high number).

92. To catch a subject in motion and blur the image, use a slow shutter speed. That is one with a low number.

93. Using a slow shutter speed on static images will also provide a greater depth of field.

94. Bigger F stops will give a greater depth of field (i.e. Even subjects in the distance will appear in focus).

95. Smaller F stops allow you to home in on the main subject and focus on the subject in the foreground.

Photographing Children.
Can be fun, but it can also be very difficult. Try these tips to make it all worthwhile.

96 .Get down to the child's level. This may mean kneeling down.

97. Ensure lighting is also set at a lower level than normal.

98. Get ready to use more film than normal. Photographing a child doesn't always go to plan and its not always quick to get the best photograph.

99. A professional will often get a child to smile by introducing a cuddly toy that squeaks before the picture is taken. Try this for yourself. It can also help with a short attention span.

100. Work quickly. Children have trouble remaining still for long.

Finally.
Express yourself! 101. Remember these are tips not rules. If you find any of them don't work for you then follow your own way. Experiment, have fun and enjoy yourself.
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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  zulkbo on Mon Jan 25, 2010 10:26 am

kawan suka segmen ni..
cer tamboh gambo ke
mesti beh....... sunny

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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  amienski on Wed Jan 27, 2010 12:48 pm


Tema : Macro
Tajuk : What a Big Small World
APerture : f22
Shutter : 1/20
Lens : 50mm f1.8 + Raynox
ISO : 800
Mode : Manual
Flash : TTL
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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  amienski on Wed Jan 27, 2010 12:50 pm


Tema : Macro
Tajuk : I Want to be Bigger Very Happy
APerture : f22
Shutter : 1/350
Lens : 50mm f1.8 + Raynox
ISO : 800
Mode : Manual
Flash : TTL
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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  Deto_8 on Wed Jan 27, 2010 12:51 pm

amin, cer bagi penerangan tentang aperture

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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  amienski on Wed Jan 27, 2010 12:52 pm



Tema : Macro
Tajuk :Hanging Happy Face
APerture : f22
Shutter : 1/20
Lens : 50mm f1.8 + Raynox
ISO : 800
Mode : Manual
Flash : TTL
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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  amienski on Wed Jan 27, 2010 12:53 pm

Deto_8 wrote:amin, cer bagi penerangan tentang aperture
Apa Itu Aperture


Aperture berfungsi untuk mengawal kemasukan cahaya. Ia perlu diselaraskan untuk mendapat lubang atau saiz yg dikehendaki. Saiz-saiz aperture ini diukur dalam nombor 'f' atau 'f stop'.

Saiz aperture yg kecil membenarkan hanya sedikit cahaya memasuki kamera (melalui lensa) berbanding dengan aperture yg besar. Setiap nombor 'f' disusun dalam bentuk atau bidang skala aperture 2, 2.8, 4, 5.6, 8, 11, 16. Semakin besar nombor 'f', semakin kecil saiz bukaan aperture.

Apabila kita menukar dari f/4 ke f/5.6 atau f/5.6 ke f/8, cahaya yg memasuki kamera adalah separuh (1/2) dari cahaya nombor 'f' yg sebelumnya. Pertukaran ini adalah dari saiz aperture yg besar ke saiz aperture yg kecil. Penukaran dari saiz aperture yg kecil ke saiz yg besar adalah sebaliknya. Bidang skala aperture adalah berbeza antara sebuah lensa dengan lensa yg lain. Lazimnya, perbezaan ini bergantung pada harga dan model lensa serta kamera.

Pertukaran dari f/2 ke f/16 akan mengecilkan saiz aperture. Secara tidak langsung, cahaya yg memasuki lensa akan berkurangan.

Penggambaran ditepi pantai atau dibawah cahaya matahari terik memerlukan saiz aperture yg kecil (f/16 atau f/22). Ini bermakna untuk menahan cahaya yg berlebihan dari masuk ke dalam kamera, kita perlu mengecilkan saiz aperture. Apabila keadaan cahaya kurang atau di dalam bilik yang agak gelap, besarkan saiz aperture (f/2.8 atau f/2) untuk membolehkan lebih banyak cahaya memasuki lensa.
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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  amienski on Wed Jan 27, 2010 1:03 pm

Zoomer Photography on Facebook
Apa Itu Shutter Speed


Bagi beginnerz yg nak tahu apa itu Shutter Speed dan kegunaannya, saya perturunkan disini secara ringkas untuk menambah pengetahuan anda.

Shutter speed bermakna sebanyak mana cahaya memasuki kamera mengikut kadar masa atau kelajuannya. Kelajuan yg pantas akan membenarkan sedikit cahaya memasuki kamera dan boleh memberhentikan atau mengkakukan sesuatu pergerakan. Kelajuan yang lemah atau kurang, akan mendedahkan lebih banyak cahaya. Tapi ia tidak sesuai utk mengkakukan sesuatu pergerakan kerana kelajuan itu akan mengaburkan pergerakan objek tersebut. Sekiranya anda mahu memberhentikan larian seorang atlit, penunggang basikal atau apa saja objek yg bergerak, gunakan kelajuan yg pantas atau tinggi seperti 1/500 atau 1/1000 saat. Kelajuan pantas sebegini juga boleh membekukan percikan air atau kereta F1 di atas trek. Sebaliknya jika mahukan kesan khas pada gambar anda, gunakan kelajuan yg rendah seperti 1/50 atau 1/30 dan seterusnya. Kelajuan perlahan juga sesuai utk melakukan kaedah "panning", dengan mengambil gambar mengikut arah pergerakan subjek. Ia juga sesuai untuk mengambil gambar di waktu senja atau malam.


aperture : f22
shutte speed : 1/15
Mode : Shutter Priority


aperture : f19
shutte speed : 1/15
Mode : Shutter Priority



aperture : f22
shutte speed : 1/10
Mode : Shutter Priority
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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  Deto_8 on Wed Jan 27, 2010 1:05 pm

dalam bahasa melayunya apa tu aperture...puas belek kamus

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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  amienski on Wed Jan 27, 2010 1:08 pm

haku pun x tau ekekek
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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  Deto_8 on Wed Jan 27, 2010 1:10 pm

amienski wrote:haku pun x tau ekekek

Laughing

tenkiu...nanti kalau ada mende tak paham haku tanya lagi

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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  MD on Wed Jan 27, 2010 1:15 pm

Deto_8 wrote:dalam bahasa melayunya apa tu aperture...puas belek kamus

kalau ikut kamus Fajar Bakti Dwi Bahasa bermaksud celah,liang,lubang,sela
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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  Deto_8 on Wed Jan 27, 2010 2:10 pm

MD wrote:
Deto_8 wrote:dalam bahasa melayunya apa tu aperture...puas belek kamus

kalau ikut kamus Fajar Bakti Dwi Bahasa bermaksud celah,liang,lubang,sela

oooo...aperture bedah... Laughing

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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  amienski on Wed Jan 27, 2010 4:38 pm

Kalau korang nak post gambar kat sini pun ok...kirenye Picture Reviewla Very Happy
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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  Deto_8 on Wed Jan 27, 2010 4:40 pm

amienski wrote:Kalau korang nak post gambar kat sini pun ok...kirenye Picture Reviewla Very Happy

dR Amin...

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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  amienski on Wed Jan 27, 2010 5:01 pm

Deto_8 wrote:
amienski wrote:Kalau korang nak post gambar kat sini pun ok...kirenye Picture Reviewla Very Happy

dR Amin...

aiyoooo jgnlaaa
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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  MD on Wed Jan 27, 2010 5:03 pm

amienski wrote:
Deto_8 wrote:
amienski wrote:Kalau korang nak post gambar kat sini pun ok...kirenye Picture Reviewla Very Happy

dR Amin...

aiyoooo jgnlaaa

hahahhahaha....
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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  Midi on Wed Jan 27, 2010 7:58 pm

Cantik gambor aok tangkap.. tapi ngapa aok guna f no yg beso ek.. kala kawan shot macro ni kawan suka guna f no yag kecil.. kala f no kecil, dapat bokeh sikit.. subjet yg kita shot lg timbul.. aok pakai body per ek?

slow shutter


Panning

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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  Deto_8 on Wed Jan 27, 2010 9:12 pm

ada lagi otai fotografi....bolehlah share tips untuk beginner

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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  amienski on Thu Jan 28, 2010 10:39 am

Midi...

waktu tu x pasan ekek..ikut doc ali..d70s jerk..
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Re: Foto | Komen, Kritik & Belajar

Post  Midi on Thu Jan 28, 2010 12:44 pm

koi masih belajor gak lg ttg digital fotografi.. sikit2 tu tau ler.. bila nak wat outing sekitar pahang?
macam mane ek aok guna extension tube ni.. koi guna lense nikkor 60mm & 24-85mm macro tuk tembak subjek macro ni..

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